Active Myelination

Active Myelination
Communication between neurons and myelinating oligodendrocytes

An emerging concept in neuroscience is that neural plasticity is not mediated only by neurons, but also through dynamic interactions of neurons and glial cells. For example, neuronal activity can regulate the development of myelin producing oligodendrocytes in the central nervous system. Because changes to myelination influence the timing of neural impulse propagation across the brain, active regulation of myelination might be employed to fine-tune circuit function. We will use zebrafish to directly test how activity affects myelination of neural circuits, and in turn their function.


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  • Baraban M, Koudelka S and Lyons DA [2018]. Ca2+ activity signatures of myelin sheath formation and growth in vivo. Nature Neuroscience, 21(1):19-23.
  • Koudelka S, Voas MG, Almeida RG, Baraban M, Soetaert J, Meyer MP, Talbot WS and Lyons DA [2016]. Individual neuronal subtypes exhibit diversity in CNS myelination mediated by synaptic vesicle release. Current Biology, 26(11):1447-55.